Bitcoin or Ethereum: Which One Is Better To Trade With?
Bitcoin and Ethereum are the most popular cryptocurrencies and are rated the top two cryptocurrencies by market capitalisation. For a trader, it's important to know the difference between them to take advantage of the market.
As you may know, a trader's strategy is very different from that of an investor. An investor can afford to buy a cryptocurrency and wait for the most appropriate moment to sell it. A trader, on the other hand, is interested in ensuring that the cryptocurrency has high liquidity and volatility.
At some point, every trader wonders "BTC or ETH: which one is better for trading?" It's necessary to understand the fundamentals of both cryptocurrencies and compare them to determine which one is better for trading.
Comparison of Bitcoin and Ethereum's Fundamentals
Investors and traders who are just starting to deal with cryptocurrencies often compare Bitcoin and Ethereum. The question "should I trade with Bitcoin or Ethereum" comes to the minds of many because they think that the crypto coins don't differ much from each other. Usually, price is the only criteria by which they can evaluate cryptocurrencies.
But Ethereum differs from Bitcoin quite a bit. The difference lies in the technical arena as well as the features that people can use. To compare Bitcoin and Ethereum, we should look at the technology used to issue cryptocurrencies, the total supply of coins and the ways to mine them.
Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency and blockchain of its kind. It was introduced in 2008 by anonymous developer Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin represents a distributed peer-to-peer (P2P) cryptocurrency that can be transferred instantly and securely to any user in the world.
While Bitcoin is designed to be a transfer of value, Ethereum is a decentralised platform for executing smart contracts. Launched in 2015, Ethereum is now the largest open, decentralised software platform that allows the creation of distributed applications (dApps) and smart contracts. For more in-depth research about Ethereum, please read our blog post What is Ethereum?
Other advantages of the Ethereum blockchain include the ability to fundraise money for new projects. As the fundraising campaign starts, the money from the community goes to the project developer. All transferred funds are stored on the Ethereum platform until the end of the fundraising process.
The Ethereum platform guarantees that the user who needs the money and the people who are willing to help him develop the project will not lose their funds. If the project fails to collect the required amount, all transferred funds are returned to their owners.
With Ethereum, your imagination is the limit on the kinds of projects that can be created that can also be used to attract investors. Ethereum also makes it possible to pay for goods and services or buy the coin for investment purposes. Both assets are correlated, and you can trade ETH for BTC and vice versa.
Cryptocurrency Mining and Total Supply
The production of cryptocurrency is called mining, a process that differs for BTC and ETH. It's possible to mine Ethereum on regular computers, but mining Bitcoin requires special equipment called ASICs (application-specific integrated circuit).
Mining is profitable, and the lower the costs of electricity, the more profit miners receive. It's hard to say which crypto is more profitable to mine as there are many factors involved. The main factors are the electricity costs that we mentioned, the costs of equipment and the price of cryptocurrencies. ETH is produced within 15 seconds, while BTC generation takes 10 minutes.
The advantage of Bitcoin is that the total supply of coins is limited to 21 million. The only limitation on Ethereum's supply is that you can't produce more than 18,000 ETH per year. Users currently have 112 million coins, which is six times more than the number of issued Bitcoins.
Comparison of Liquidity on Bitcoin and Ethereum
Liquidity is the leading factor when choosing a cryptocurrency to trade. We covered the importance of liquidity in top 5 traded cryptocurrencies article. At the time of writing, Bitcoin's daily turnover exceeds 27 billion. Ethereum's daily turnover is lower than Bitcoin's at 17 billion. The closest cryptocurrencies in terms of daily turnover are more than six times less than Ethereum's. There is no doubt that Ethereum and Bitcoin have the highest liquidity among all cryptocurrencies. From a liquidity perspective, 'the question of choosing Bitcoin or Ethereum to trade with doesn't matter because both cryptocurrencies meet these criteria perfectly.
Comparison of Bitcoin and Ethereum's Volatility
To compare the volatility of BTC and ETH, we'll take the periods on the chart from the beginning of February to September. By studying the percentage of price changes, we'll determine which asset has higher volatility.
We'll examine several large movements and price ranges. From 24 February to 13 March, Bitcoin dropped rapidly, from $10,000 to $4,000, or 58%. Between 13 March and 8 May, the asset demonstrated strong growth and fully recovered from the drop. Bitcoin managed to reach $10,000, which was an increase of 140%. From May to June, Bitcoin held in the $8,800-$10,000 trading range, and the price moved 13% within the channel.
From the middle of July, Bitcoin continued its growth, rising from $9,000 to $12,100 by 2 August, demonstrating 33% growth. The last comparison period is a month from August to September. Bitcoin was trading in the $11,000-$12,000 range with an average volatility of 8%.
Next, we'll proceed to an analysis of Ethereum's volatility for the same periods. From 24 February to 13 March, Ethereum fell from $273 to $100, a decline of 63%. Along with Bitcoin, from 13 March to 8 May, Ethereum rose from $100 to $220. Unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum did not manage to recover fully from its fall, growing 120% from its low. From May to June, Ethereum traded in the $193-$220 range, showing a 13% volatility similar to Bitcoin's.
Like Bitcoin, Ethereum showed growth from mid-July to 2 August. The price rose over 79%, from $229 to $410. From August to September, Ethereum traded in the $367-$410 range, with an average volatility of 11%.
BTC vs ETH's Volatility
To determine if trading ETH or BTC is better, let's combine our data in a table.
|No.||Period||BTC price change, %||ETH price change, %|
|1||24 February-13 March||-58 %||-63 %|
|2||13 March - 8 May||140 %||120 %|
|3||8 May -1 June||13 %||13 %|
|4||15 July -2 August||33 %||79 %|
|5||2 August-1 September||8 %||11 %|
By comparing the data, we can say that both assets are attractive for trading, and the volatility for both cryptocurrencies is good. In the first period, Ethereum demonstrated a slightly larger drop than Bitcoin, with a tiny difference of 5%. In the second period, Ethereum hadn't fully recovered from the fall as Bitcoin had. During the sideways periods 3 and 5, both cryptocurrencies showed approximately the same volatility. However, at the moment of growth in the 4th period, Ethereum increased significantly, doubling Bitcoin's percentage growth.
Based on our study of Ethereum and Bitcoin's fundamentals, liquidity and volatility, we can say with confidence that these assets are the best ones to trade. It's hard to imagine an asset with more liquidity than ETH and BTC. Volatility, in turn, is slightly higher for ETH than it is for BTC. Regardless of whether you're a trader or an investor, both cryptocurrencies are worth your attention.