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How to Mine Bitcoin

01 Dec, 2023 6 min read
How to Mine Bitcoin

The emergence of cryptocurrencies has led to a number of new ways of making money. One way that is on everyone's lips is crypto mining. In this article, we'll take an in-depth look at Bitcoin mining and answer questions regarding it.

What is Bitcoin mining?

With e-currency based on cryptographic proof, without the need to trust a third party middleman, money can be secure and transactions effortless. — Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin's creator.

At its core, Bitcoin mining is the decentralised process by which Bitcoin transactions are verified and added to the public ledger, known as the blockchain. This validation is achieved by solving intricate mathematical problems. Miners equipped with powerful computers engage in a competitive race to solve these puzzles. Their difficulty adjusts to the miners' collective processing power. The so-called "block reward" is newly minted BTCs and a fee for the transactions included in the block. 

It's important to note that the total supply of Bitcoin is capped at 21 million, and the block reward is halved approximately every four years in an event known as the "halving". This gradual reduction in the block reward is designed to prevent Bitcoin inflation.

Bitcoin mining stats

Consensus algorithm


Hashing algorithm


Hashrate (as of 28/11/2023)

519.00 EH/s

Difficulty (as of 28/11/2023)

67.96 T

Block confirmation time

~10 min

Difficulty adjustment

Every 2016 blocks (2 weeks)

Total Bitcoin mined (as of 28/11/2023)

19,555,693 BTC (93.12%)

Max supply

21,000,000 BTC

Reward per block

6.25 BTC

Next block reward halving

around April 2024

Mine Bitcoin for free

How to profit from mining

In theory, earning money from mining is relatively easy: you just need to ensure that the income from selling the mined cryptocurrency exceeds the expenses. In reality, however, this is challenging to achieve, given that mining is highly competitive.

What investment is needed to mine Bitcoin?

Bitcoin mining requires a significant upfront investment in specialised hardware and ongoing operational costs. Here are the key components of the investment for Bitcoin mining:

  1. Mining hardware. ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits) are specialised devices designed specifically for mining Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies whose hashing algorithm is not ASIC-resistant. They offer high processing power and are much more efficient than general-purpose computer hardware (such as CPUs or GPUs). However, they can be expensive, and newer models are regularly released.
    The Bitmain Antminer S19 XP ASIC miner
  2. Power supply. Mining hardware requires a stable and sufficient power supply. High-performance ASICs consume a significant amount of electricity, so miners need to factor in the cost of power when calculating potential profits.
  3. Cooling systems. Mining generates heat, and efficient cooling systems are essential to prevent hardware overheating. This is particularly important in larger mining operations where multiple ASICs run simultaneously.
  4. A room for mining equipment. Mining hardware needs suitable premises, especially in the case of large-scale mining.

Is crypto mining worth it?

Considering how many individuals and companies are involved in mining, the answer is "yes". However, the profitability of crypto mining depends on various factors, and it's essential to consider costs, revenue and risks before deciding to invest in it. Here are some key factors to consider:

  • Cryptocurrency price and market conditions. The price of cryptocurrency has a significant impact on mining profitability. When prices are high, mining can be more lucrative, but it also means increased competition. Conversely, mining may become less profitable during bear markets, even to the point of going below profitability.
  • Mining difficulty. The mining difficulty is adjusted depending on the miners' collective processing power. If more miners join the network or existing miners increase their processing power, the mining difficulty increases. Higher difficulty results in lower individual mining rewards.
    Bitcoin mining difficulty chart
  • Electricity costs. Electricity costs are a major factor in mining profitability. Miners operating in regions with cheaper electricity are generally more competitive.
  • Hardware costs and efficiency. The upfront cost of mining hardware is a significant investment. Additionally, the efficiency of the hardware in terms of hash rate per unit of power is crucial. Newer, more efficient models are regularly released, potentially making older hardware obsolete.
  • Block reward. It usually consists of new coins and transaction fees for transactions included in the block. Halving, which occurs periodically in Bitcoin and other crypto networks, reduces the block reward.
  • Regulatory environment. The regulatory environment for cryptocurrency mining varies by region. Some areas may offer favourable conditions for mining, while others may impose restrictions.

Is mining still profitable in 2023?

Crypto mining can be profitable in 2023 if you consider the above factors. However, mining is not risk-free, and the potential profitability can vary. The best way to assess it is to use mining profitability calculators such as

Minerstat's Bitcoin mining calculator

Register on StormGain

How do I start Bitcoin mining?

What do I need to start mining Bitcoin?

To start mining Bitcoin, there are a few key steps to follow:

  1. Select a room for the mining equipment. Keep in mind that ASICs generate noise and heat while working.
  2. Get a wallet. Obtain a cryptocurrency wallet to store the coins you mine. There are various types of wallets, including software, hardware, and online wallets. Choose one that suits your preferences and security needs.
  3. Get the mining hardware. Study the ASIC market supply and purchase the most suitable one(s).
  4. Get the mining software. Download and install the Bitcoin mining software compatible with your chosen hardware.
  5. Join a mining pool. Solo mining can be challenging, especially for a cryptocurrency with such a high difficulty level as Bitcoin. Joining a mining pool allows you to combine your computational power with other miners to increase the chances of mining a block successfully.
  6. Configure and run your mining hardware. Set up and configure your mining hardware according to the manufacturer's guidelines. Adjust settings such as mining pool information, wallet address, and other parameters in the mining software.

How do I mine Bitcoin for free?

Mining Bitcoin for free, without any investment, is extremely problematic because it means you'll have to get free mining equipment and free electricity somehow. However, there is an alternative way: free Bitcoin cloud mining on the StormGain platform. This is especially useful if you are engaged in crypto trading on the StormGain platform, as the mining speed increases when you reach certain trading volumes.

StormGain's free Bitcoin cloud miner

Mine Bitcoin for free

Exchange BTC

Mining icon
Want Bitcoin for free?

Try our Bitcoin Cloud Miner and get additional crypto rewards based on your trading volume. It's immediately available upon registration.

Start mining

Mining icon
Want Bitcoin for free?

Try our Bitcoin Cloud Miner and get additional crypto rewards based on your trading volume. It's immediately available upon registration.

Start mining


Can I mine Bitcoin at home?

Mining Bitcoin at home is possible, but it should be taken into account that ASIC miners generate heat, require adequate cooling, and can also be noisy, which negatively affects the comfort of living.

Can I mine Bitcoin on my phone?

Yes, you can mine Bitcoin on your phone, but it's not profitable and generally not recommended. Efficient Bitcoin mining requires high processing power. The phones' computational power is insufficient to compete with the ASIC miners used in Bitcoin mining. For this reason, attempting to mine Bitcoin using a mobile device will result in negligible income.

Moreover, mining is a resource-intensive process that can quickly drain a mobile device's battery and lead to overheating. Continuous mining on the phone can harm the device and noticeably shorten its overall lifespan.

Is it legal to mine Bitcoin?

The legality of Bitcoin mining varies by country and region. In many countries, Bitcoin mining is considered a legitimate activity. Some countries, however, have imposed restrictions or bans. Also, one shouldn't forget about the taxation of Bitcoin mining income, which also varies by jurisdiction.

In any case, it's important for those interested in Bitcoin mining to research and understand the legal landscape in their respective regions.

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